Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Instructive brain science Essay Acquaintance Welcome with the investigation of another significant subject in the Bachelor of Education Curriculum. Before the finish of this course the understudy will have the option to: 1. Characterize, human science and sociological establishments in instruction. 2. Recognize any five significant focuses about the importance of Sociological establishments in training. 3. Analyze indigenous Ghanaian Education System and its impact on Western Formal Education. 4. Draw a qualification between instructive human science and human science of training. 5. Investigate the polarity among rustic and urban instruction conveyance. 6. Examine the elements and import of culture. 7. Characterize socialization and its significance to Western Formal Education. Meaning of Sociology and Sociological Foundations in Education 1. Vander Zanden considers Sociology to be the logical investigation of human association. 2. Agyeman (1992, p. 47), sees Ã¢â¬Å"SociologyÃ¢â¬ as Ã¢â¬Å" an order which examines the nature and elements of human social orders and the progressions that happen inside them. Ã¢â¬ He accepts that human science is to a great extent worried about understanding the connections that exist between individuals which eventually administer their conduct inside the general public. 3. Metta Spencer thinks about Sociology as the investigation of human gathering life. The inquiry is, what is human gathering life? Human gathering life alludes to the life of individuals in an organization. Such individuals are administered by shows (unwritten constitution, or unwritten standards and guidelines), with points and purposes for sticking them together inside a specific area. 4. Humanism as an order is keen on what makes human gathering life, conceivable, inside a given society. 5. What is society? The term society alludes to the whole mind boggling system of the social world. It might allude to public activity in the theoretical, without reference to a particular spot, however more frequently, it alludes to a nation, a country or a state like Ghana, Nigeria, Gambia, and so forth. What is Educational Sociology? Bhattacharya (2003, 2006, p. 1. , in Brown 1947), characterized Educational Sociology as the utilization of Sociology to instructive issues. Instructive Sociology is especially keen on discovering how to control the instructive procedure to accomplish better social and character advancement. Instructive Sociology poses the inquiry what issues or impact does society bring to the school. What is Sociology of Education? Social science of Education then again underlines on the idea of human relations inside the school and the social structure inside which the school works in the Community. At the end of the day, Sociology of Education is worried about what issues or impact the school brings to or/has on the general public. End product: Educational SociologyÃ¢â¬the impact of society on instruction. Human science of educationÃ¢â¬the impact of instruction on society. Sociological establishments in instruction Now that we comprehend human science of training and instructive social science, we can apply the ideas to recognize what the course, sociological establishments in instruction tries to accomplish. This course resembles a bisexual. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary characterizes bisexual as an individual, a creature or a blossom that has both male and female sexual organs and attributes. The Course thinks about the impact of society on instruction, and furthermore that of training on society. These two topics run however the course like a string that holds various dots together. Section Two How social orders flourish Societies keep going long, in light of the fact that they meet the accompanying attributes: Each general public has an a. land area, b. culture and populace. c. Explicit necessities. d. In Ã¢â¬built systems to accomplish these necessities. Ghana as a nation for example, needs to imitate to renew her populace; she does this by Ã¢â¬ ¢educating her residents, Ã¢â¬ ¢producing merchandise and enterprises to meet the public activity and status of her populace, Ã¢â¬ ¢governing her kin that so there could be peace, her kin turning out to be productive members of society, Ã¢â¬ ¢ meeting their enthusiastic desires, for example, the journey for religion, and Ã¢â¬ ¢assisting her residents to meet their recreational and physical needs through wellbeing administrations. From the previous signs about how families flourish, it might be expressed that cultural needs are given by social foundations inside a nation. Peil (1977, p.17) characterizes a social foundation as Ã¢â¬Å"an suffering complex of standards, jobs, qualities and assents which grasp a particular portion of between human life. Ã¢â¬ As per Peil, Social Institutions are uncommonly sorted out and masterminded interpersonal organizations of the individuals who comprise the general public. People are in this way noted to be able to interface with one another in their day by day experience; and by so doing accomplish their requirements and their coherence across ages (Agyeman 1992, p. 47). Society along these lines, flourishes in four significant establishments: 1. Marriage and the family 2. Financial foundations 3. Political associations 4. Strict gatherings/Religious foundations. 1. Marriage and the Family When a youngster is conceived, it is raised in a family, through a procedure called socialization. Specialists have characterized socialization. A couple of such definitions are as per the following, however quite a bit of it would be analyzed in exercise ten. Socialization is a procedure of figuring out how to identify with, and cooperate with others; a procedure of embracing the personal conduct standards of the encompassing society; a demonstration of building up oneself as per the standards of communism; the demonstration of meeting for social purposes, and taking an interest in social exercises. .(http://www. babylon. com/definition/socialization/Latvian, recovered January 31 2012). Socialization is additionally a term utilized by sociologists, social therapists, anthropologists, lawmakers and educationists to allude to the way toward acquiring standards, customs and belief systems. It might give the individual the abilities and propensities essential for partaking in exercises inside their own general public. A general public itself is framed through a majority of shared standards, customs, values, conventions, social jobs, images and dialects. Socialization is in this manner Ã¢â¬Ëthe implies by which social and social coherence are accomplished. Ã¢â¬â¢ (http://www. babylon. com/definition/socialization/Latvian January 31 2012). Hence the procedures of socialization decide the primary plan of marriage as an organization; a couple of elements of marriage are as per the following: a. Reproducing: carrying kids into being to assume different jobs in the public eye. b. Meeting the physical needs of one another: the Lord God had expressed; Ã¢â¬Å"it isn't acceptable that the man should live alone, I will make him an assistance meet for himÃ¢â¬ Genesis 2:18 KJV). As it were, God Himself saw that man required an ally to assist him with adapting to lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s works, for he (Adam, the first to be made), had been relegated to dress and keep the nursery of Eden, an errand that required some assistance. Much could anyway be said about gathering the physical needs of mankind through the marriage organizations, yet it might be summarized in this famous adage: Ã¢â¬Å"two heads are superior to one. Ã¢â¬ After all, when the couple team up, they can accomplish their life objectives, better. c. Another huge job the marriage foundation plays in helping social orders to flourish, and inside the setting of socialization is found in one of the most significant elements of the wedded couplesÃ¢â¬raising up kids in the dread of the Lord. We are to prepare our kids the correct way with the goal that they can turn out to be productive members of society when they develop (Proverbs 22:6). Today is a well established reality in each general public that solitary child rearing isn't the most ideal approach to bring up kids. Genuine Christians consequently accept that God underscored the significance of kid sustain through the collaboration of couples when He questioned couples in the prescience of Jeremiah, Ã¢â¬Å"Lift up your eyes and see them that originate from the north, where is the herd that was given thee, thy excellent group? Ã¢â¬ (Jeremiah 13:20 KJV). My preferred creator had noticed: The explanation there are such a large number of remorseless people in our reality is that genuine fondness has been viewed as shortcoming and has been disheartened and quelled. The better piece of the idea of people of this class was debased and overshadowed in youth, and except if beams of celestial light liquefy away their frigidity and cruel narrow-mindedness, the satisfaction of such is covered always (E. G. White, Adventist Home, p. 108, accentuation mine). In her book Child Guidance, a similar writer mentioned the accompanying objective fact. Ã¢â¬Å"To the mother and father the correct preparing of their kids is the most significant work of their lifeÃ¢â¬ (E. G White, Child Guidance, p. 556). To summarize the job marriage plays during the time spent socialization, and how it encourages social orders to flourish, one may understand that marriage is a truly key organization with regards to life on earth. It takes couples synergistic endeavors in union with multiply, or deliver posterity. What's more, when couple bear youngsters, these children should be sustained to assume different jobs in social orders. It has been distinguished that as these couples collaborate to meet each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s physical, enthusiastic and mental necessities, they can likewise help train kids in the dread of the Lord to assist society. 2. Financial Institutions: Many physical and material needs of society are given by monetary foundations. Ventures, banks, organizations, all team up to address the issues of individuals in a general public. Anyway arrangement of necessities by these monetary establishments could be disturbed by confusion of some sort. Harmony is in this manner required in each general public. To get harmony in social orders, we need political establishments. 3. Political Institutions: These exist to keep up harmony and soundness inside a nation or society, to be specific; chieftaincy, national administration, the police administration, the military, and so forth. Without thes
Saturday, August 22, 2020
How to Write a Persuasive Research PaperWriting an effective research paper is essential in achieving your academic goals. It will help you reach your objectives. In order to attain this goal, it is important to know how to write a persuasive research paper.Firstly, when writing a research paper, there are a number of factors that can affect the outcome of the paper. Some of these factors include how the research is performed, the analysis used and the conclusions drawn. All these factors will have an impact on the way the paper is written.The approach to be taken towards writing a persuasive research paper is very important. A good example of a good approach is the use of anecdotes. It helps in providing more weight to the conclusion you are drawing as well as make the presentation appear more realistic.It is important to remember that it is a personal experience, which comes from observation rather than a statistical analysis. It is also important to include anecdotes throughout th e paper. Be sure that they are relevant and true. Try not to use too many as this will reduce the impact of the report.It is best to have several points that can be related to each other to form a persuasive research paper. Start by listing the main ideas or theories, then go on to develop your research plan, your sample selection and the quantitative approach. It is important to take into account each of these elements when writing a persuasive research paper. You should also consider the perspective you are presenting the information in.One of the major areas of the research that determines how well you can write a persuasive research paper is the analysis. This is something that will help determine how well you can relate your conclusion to the topic. Forexample, if you are writing about the process of recruiting, you will need to analyze the recruitment process in order to provide an insight into the process. It is also important to research the most successful companies that re cruit the most people.Next, you need to include all the data used in the project. To provide the most effect, try to ensure that the data collection process is uniform. This will help to improve the consistency in the presentation of the report.Finally, use key words throughout the paper. Key words are what make the paper popular. It is also best to use them to introduce each section of the paper.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Can We Have an Honest Conversation About Advertisements If the following screed were a peer-reviewed journal article, its abstract would be brief: advertisements suck. Well, at least most of them do. Thatâs not to say that all advertising is inherently evil, or even bad, because not all advertisements are created equalâ"they run the gamut from informative to downright destructive. To understand the inherent problems with advertisements, itâs important to first point out that advertising isnt the same thing as marketing. Though these two terms are often used interchangeably, they are different in practice. Advertisements Advertisements are paid announcements via a public mediumâ"mattress commercials, infomercials for the latest exercise fad, and seemingly harmless adverts for harmful prescription drugsâ"and they are generally not an endorsement by the platform on which they are displayed. In Latin, advertere means to turn toward, and thats the exact aim of todays ad agencies: theyre willing to pay heaps of money to turn your eyes toward their products and services. And if the demand for a product isnt as high as the supply, no problem! Advertising can create a false demand if the budget is high enough. In recent years, worldwide spending on advertising has topped half a trillion dollars a year. Even writing the full numberâ"500,000,000,000.00, commas and allâ"doesnt come close to truly understanding its depth. So lets put it into perspective: If you leave your home today and begin spending one dollar every single second, it will take you more than 15,000 years to spend half a trillion dollars. In fact, if youdve spent a million dollars every single day since the fall of Rome, you still wouldnâtâve spent half a trillion dollars by now. And were spending more than that every year on advertising. Which isnt so bad in and of itself. After all, its just money being spent on informing people about useful stuff, right? Yes, that sort of used to be true. A Brief History of Modern Advertising Before the twentieth century, advertising largely connected the producers of goods with consumers who genuinely needed those goods. But then, as Stuart Ewen describes in his book Captains of Consciousness, Advertising increased dramatically in the United States as industrialization expanded the supply of manufactured products. In order to profit from this higher rate of production, industry needed to recruit workers as consumers of factory products. It did so through the invention of [advertising] designed to influence the populations economic behavior on a larger scale. By the Roaring Twenties, thanks to Edward Bernays, whos sometimes referred to as the founder of modern advertising and public relations, advertisers in the U.S. adopted the doctrine that human instincts could be targeted and harnessed. Bernays, a nephew of Sigmund Freud, realized that appealing to the rational minds of customers, which had been the mainstream method advertisers had used to sell products, was far less effective than selling products based on the unconscious desires that he felt were the true motivators of human action. Since then, weve witnessed ten decades of advertising agencies reachingâ"and overreachingâ"into the depths of the human psyche. Overreach of Advertisers Fast forward to the present day. One of the most obvious examples of advertisersâ rapacious (over)reach in recent years is the drug Sildenafil, which was created as a treatment for hypertension. When clinical trials revealed the drug wasnt effective, that should have been the end of its life cycle. But then advertisers stepped in. After discovering several male test subjects experienced prolonged erections during clinical trials, the makers of Sildenafil had a solution that desperately needed a problem. So they hired an ad agency who coined the term erectile dysfunction, and Viagra was born. This campaign took a relatively flaccid problem and created a ragging $2-billion-per-year blue pill. Of course, Viagra is a rather anodyne example. There are many pharmaceuticals whose side effects are so expansive that their commercials are forced to use gratuitous green pastures, yearbook smiles, and handholding actors to conceal the terror of rectal bleeding, amnesia, and suicidal ideation. In a sane world, misleadingly selling harmful prescription drugs would be a criminal act. Actually, it is: itâs illegal in every country in the worldâ"except the United States and New Zealandâ"to advertise drugs to consumers. But we let the almighty dollar get in the way. In 1976, Henry Gadsden, then CEO of Merck Co., told Fortune magazine that hed rather sell drugs to healthy people because thats where the most money was. Weve been sold new cures ever since. But please dont think this is an anti-boner-pill diatribe. According to the research, Viagra seems to be a relatively benign drug. Thereby, theres little wrong with the pill itself. Its the paid advertisements that are troublesome. Many ad agencies employ writers, demographers, statisticians, analysts, and even psychologists in an effort to divorce us from the money in our checking accounts. With the help of a fine-tuned agency, even the disclaimer is part of the sales pitch: Consult your doctor if your erection lasts longer than four hours. I dont know about you, but Id rather consult my partner with my everlasting hard-on. Viagra isnt the only product pushed beyond its initial conception. Did you know Listerine was previously used as a floor cleaner, Coca-Cola was invented as an alternative to morphine, and the graham cracker was created to stop you from masturbating? Hmm. If at first your product doesnt succeed, hire an ad agency! Selling Insecurity Making men believe their erections arent firm enough isnt the first time corporations have capitalized on human insecurity. For decades, women have been sold an inferiority complex. Our glowing screens would have the average female believe her waist isnt skinny enough, her breasts arent big enough, and her eyelashes arent lush enough. Dont worry, though, whatever your ailment, consumerism has the cure. In Fight Club, Chuck Palahniuk prophesied of a dystopia in which a cunning con man could sell our own fat back to us after extracting it from our bodies. He was only half right, however. In the book, the fat is repackaged as soapâ"a metaphor for cleansing ourselves by way of consumerismâ"but in the real world were sold our fat in the form of autologous-fat transfer (butt injections) so we can look like our favorite reality-television stars. In a Kafkaesque bait-and-switch, advertisers sell us the food that makes us obese because we deserve a treat, and then they sell us the diet plans and exercise equipment to combat our gluttony. The sleight of hand doesnt end with male enhancers and weight-loss remedies. Advertisers go much further, capitalizing on our fear (and greed) with radically overpriced timeshare properties, precious metals, and end-times survival kits. You may notve known the world was ending, but now that you do, theres a product you can purchase to prepare. Selling Scarcity Speaking of the end of the world, why does it seem like the ads we experience are always taking place in a state of perpetual emergency? Act now! Limited time only! While supplies last! These advertiser-induced artificial limits are almost always imaginary. The truth is that if you miss out on a so-called sale, youll be just fine because corporations are always looking for a new opportunity to sell you something today. I mean, whats the alternative? Sorry, Mrs. Customer, youre screwedâ"you waited an extra day to make your decision, so we no longer want your money! Why, then, does almost every company inject urgency into their ads? Because, as Bernays recognized a century ago, this tactic takes advantage of our primal nature: humans make quickâ"often rashâ"decisions in times of perceived scarcity. This made sense when our number one concern was starvation; it makes much less sense when we think well never be able to own that big-screen television, video-game console, or clutch purse unless we get in on this weekends doorbuster bonanza. Selling Nonessentials Advertisers have gotten so skilled that they can even sell us trash and tell us its good for us. Literally. Since American farmers are faced with unprecedented hoards of soybean and corn crops, and thus unprecedented waste products from those crops, advertisers have found a way not to safely dispose of that waste but to repackage it and sell it to you as hydrogenated oil, a supposed alternative to healthier oils from olives, avocados, and almonds. Inferior cooking oils are just the start of the garbage thats sold by the food industry. The amount of junk food that is peddled to us is so immense and so dangerous that there isnt room in this essay to meaningfully explore the sugar and processed foods vended by Americas largest corporations, but it can be summed up in a single stat: in 2018, you are more likely to die from obesity than of a violent crime, terrorism, war, starvation, or a car crash. Junk foods arent the only junk we buy. Unbeknown to us, advertisers have helped turn our homes into mausoleums of trash. To justify our clinging, weve invented cute nicknames for our junkâ"trinket, knickknack, novelty, doohickey, tchotchke, collectors item, mementoâ"as if what we call our trash increases its importance. But in the real world, the cheap plastic things we purchase at gift shops arent of importance, which might be fine if they made us happier or improved our lives, but they dont. Instead, we experience a dull high that wears off soon after the cash register dings its quiet victory, and we sit in the aftermath of consumption with an unusable artifact. Then, in time, we feel icky because were too ashamed to let go, so we purchase plastic storage containers to hideâ"ahem, organizeâ"our past mistakes. Each year, Americans spend $1.2 trillion on nonessential goods. In contrast, we contribute less than $200 billion to charities every year. In other words, we spend a trillion dollars more on shit we donât need than on helping people in need. Advertising to Children Advertisers have found perhaps the easiest way to flood our homes with nonessentials: by advertising to our children. Not only do kids lack the critical thinking skills to say no to the foods that are killing us, but if they develop brand loyalty early, then Ronald McDonald has a lifetime customer. According to the American Psychology Association, commercial appeals to children became commonplace with the advent and widespread adoption of television, and they grew exponentially with the proliferation of cable television, which allowed programmers to develop entire channels of child-oriented programming and advertising. It is estimated that advertisers spend more than $12 billion each year to reach the youth, and children view more than 40,000 television commercials each yearâ"an exponential increase from decades past. The American Academy of Pediatrics believes this targeting occurs because advertising in the U.S. alone is a $250 billion a year industry with 900,000 brands to sell, and children and adolescents are attractive consumers: teenagers spend $155 billion each year, children younger than 12 spend another $25 billion, and both groups influence another $200 billion of their parents spending every year. Perhaps the solution is to follow Sweden, Norway, and Quebec, and completely bar advertising to children under the age of 12. But more than likely its up to us as parents to develop the systems and communities that will better influence our kids viewing habits. The Upside of Advertising When done carefully, however, as rare as that might be, advertising can help fulfill an existing need. In fact, a hundred years ago, many ads did just that: they connected potential customers with a product that would improve their lives. I myself have benefited from informative advertisements. Living in Los Angeles, Im exposed to more billboards than most of the worlds population. Even though theyre a horrendous eyesore, I can honestly say that Im more informed about the available mediaâ"movies, music, television seriesâ"than if these advertisements didnt exist. The same is true for the tailored ads of the Internet. Google does a great job matching their content with my perceived needs. If a website is going to clutter their sidebar with banner ads, I would rather be served messages that are geared toward my interests: the bookshelf Ive been considering instead of a cosmetics display, the socks I need instead of an automobile pitch, the concert I want to attend instead of a beer commercial. It would be hard for me to claim that ads dont occasionally provide some quantifiable good to my life. Im simply not sure whether the pros outweigh the cons. True, the ads are better than ever, but maybe Im more likely to spend my money irresponsibly when Im constantly presented ads that match my precise interests. And while L.A.s billboards are more informative than, say, the ambulance chasers who fill the outdoor displays in most American cities, theyre still intrusive, and Id prefer they didnt exist at allâ"and Im not alone. The Peoples Preference While I was driving from Burlington to Boston last year, something felt off. The rolling emerald landscape was unsullied, not unlike a tranquil screensaver, and I felt an unnameable calm as the mile markers ticked away. Then I crossed the Massachusetts state line, and it became obvious: the trips serenity was produced largely by its lack of billboards, which are illegal in the state of Vermont. Currently, four statesâ"Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, and Vermontâ"prohibit billboards. And more than 1,500 cities and towns have banned them throughout the world, including one of the largest cities on Earthâ"Sao Paulo. When Sao Paulo introduced its Clean City Law in 2007, more than 15,000 billboards were taken down. To boot, an additional 300,000 intrusive signsâ"pylons, posters, bus and taxi adsâ"had to go. The strangest result of ridding the worlds third largest city of these advertisements? In a poll done after the removal, a majority of Paulistanos actually preferred the change. What a novel idea: ask people what they like instead of letting profitability dictate the cityview. From Good to Great Profit If all ads were unobtrusive and informative, it would be hard to have anything bad to say about them. But many twenty-first century advertisers have figured out how to manipulate the system for maximum profit. In the era of mass media and Internet spamming, theyve crossed a line: we went from connecting people with products they need; to creating a false desire for objects that add little value to our lives; to selling objects that get in the way of a richer, more fulfilling life. Many of the things advertisements make us think we need are actually the source of our discontent. You see, the easiest way to sell us happiness is to first make us unhappy. Its a painful cycle for us; its big business for them. Unfortunately, weâve accepted ads as part of our everyday life; weâve been conditioned to think they are a regular part of content delivery. After all, advertisements are how we get all those TV shows, radio programs, online articles, and podcasts for free, right? Alternatives to Advertisements Theres no free lunch. Every hour of network television is peppered with nearly 20 minutes of interruptions, and the same is true for most other mediums, which one could argue is more costly than the free price tag because weâre giving up our two most precious resourcesâ"our time and attentionâ"to receive the product. If we donât want ads storming our attention (or our childrens attention), then we must be willing to pay for the things we associate as free. Netflix, Apple Music, and similar services are able to sidestep the traditional advertising model by providing a service people value. Other businesses and individualsâ"Wikipedia and Sam Harris come to mindâ"follow a variation of this ad-free model, frequently called a freemium model, where creators provide content for free, and a small portion of their audience supports their work monetarily. (By the way, this model is what keeps The Minimalists Podcast advertisement-free.) When asked why he chooses not to run ads on his popular Waking Up podcast, Sam Harris responded, I dont feel I can credibly run ads on my podcast, even for products and services I love and use myself. The one ad I read for a while was for Audible, which I do use, but even in that case, I dont feel entirely comfortable telling you that you should subscribe to Audible. I mean, should you? Perhaps you shouldnt. I have no idea. And that would go down as the worst Audible ad ever. In any case, Ive discovered that I dont feel comfortable selling ads, which is fine because I hate what ads have done to digital media. The advertising model is responsible for almost everything that is wrong online. But not running ads puts me in a position of asking my audience for support. This is something I approached with real trepidation in the beginning. However, having done it, Ive discovered its actually the most straightforward relationship I can have with my audience. No matter your feelings about Netflix, Apple Music, Wikipedia, Sam Harris, or similar companies and individuals, their approach undoubtedly improves their creations by making them interruption-free, and it increases trust since their audience knows these creators arenât beholden to the desires of advertisers, which allows them to communicate directly with their audience in a way that strengthens the relationship because the customers are in control, not the ad buyers. Moreover, as consumers, our willingness to exchange money for creations forces us to be more deliberate about what we consume. If weâre paying for it, we want to make sure weâre getting our moneyâs worth. Itâs a mystery why we donât do the same for so-called free programming, where we pay no money, but we rarely get our attentionâs worth. Whether your time is worth $10, $100, or $1,000 per hour, you likely spend tens of thousands of dollars every year consuming messages from advertisers. Think about that: in a very real way, youre paying to be advertised to. And there are no refunds on your misspent attention. Marketing The flipside of advertising isnt the absence of communicationâ"its marketing. In his book, The Mindset of Marketing Your Music, Derek Sivers writes, Donât confuse the word marketing with advertising, announcing, spamming, or giving away branded crap. Really, marketing just means being considerate. Marketing means making it easy for people to notice you, relate to you, remember you, and tell their friends about you. What Sivers is describing here is the most honest form of marketing: informing people without manipulating or bothering them. At its ethical zenith, marketing considers the needs and points of view of an audience and works hard to meet those needs by connecting the creators with consumers in an authentic way. In neutral terms, marketing is an unpaid endorsement, often by the creator herself, communicated directly to an audience whos eager to learn more about the product or service. When done well, this is what Seth Godin describes as Permission Marketing: the privilege (not the right) of delivering anticipated, personal, and relevant messages to people who actually want to get them. It is possible to engage in world-class marketing without spending a penny on advertising. True, both advertising and marketing are forms of promotionâ"both allow creators to present their goods and services to a group of peopleâ"and when executed poorly, even well-intended marketing can be overkill. Like advertisements, not all marketing messages are created equal. Bastardized Marketing Unfortunately, not every marketer is a paragon of integrity. Just like the advertising world, marketing messages can be laced with misinformation, exaggerations, and propaganda. When creators stray from their audienceâs preferencesâ"when they stop providing value and abuse their permission with over-marketingâ"they fail; they fall victim to vapid self-promotions, the most egregious examples of which include spam emails, website pop-ups, clickbait headlines, begging for followers, searching for Likes. As The Minimalists, we provide loads of high-quality free creationsâ"essays, podcasts, and quotesâ"and we occasionally use our platforms to promote a book, event, or service. And if weâre being forthright, even though we attempt to market with integrity, even we struggle to walk the line between informative and overkill. While Ryan I refuse spam, pop-ups, and salacious titles, and we strive to add value, we, too, have fallen victim to the look at me Internet cultureâ"occasionally putting our preferences above our audienceâs best interests. Whenever we catch ourselves straying, we course correct, and we work diligently to improve. Marketing as Part of the Creation Regardless of how you feel about marketing, it is the final step in the creative process. Marketing helps creators get their creations in front of people, and when approached delicately, it benefits their audience. But when creators focus more on promoting the creation than the act of creating, the product suffers and so does the audience, and trust is eroded. Until recently, the only way a creator could effectively market her product was to plaster her message across television, radio, print, and billboards. Using jargon like GRPs, TRPs, and frequency, advertisers could guarantee their product would reach a particular audience via a robust advertising plan. Even though this shotgun approach was imprecise, it was the only way to get to a mass audience. Today, the opposite is true. As a creator, you are your own marketing department; you can find an enthusiastic audience without the need to advertise. And because our tools are better than ever, your efforts can be more precise than the traditional approach of yesteryear, so you neednt cast a wide net to be effective. In fact, a thousand true fans are enough. Spending time marketing your creation doesnt need to be tedious, either; it can be creative, artistic, and even fun. Thats why the best marketing doesnt feel like marketing: it feels like a conversation or entertainment or something the audience anticipates. Above all, it feels considerateâ"not salesy or forced. Unavoidable Advertisements All of this poses an interesting and prickly dilemma for us as The Minimalists. Because we donât want to add to the noise, we personally donât allow ads on our website, podcast, or any other medium we directly control. However, we appear regularly on television and radio shows, as well as in newspapers and magazines, in which advertisements appear. And weâre honestly conflicted about this. Even companies we respect and have partnered withâ"our tour promoter, Live Nation; our primary bookselling platform, Amazon; and the company behind our travel-bag project, Paktâ"engage in various forms of advertising. We could, of course, choose not to appear anywhere that participates in advertising in any form, but because ads are virtually everywhereâ"Americans see upwards of 5,000 each dayâ"that would greatly limit the amount of people our message reaches. So weâve instead decided to ride the line: no, we wonât incorporate ads into our platforms, and weâll continue to speak out against the innate problems with advertising, but we wonât hide in a cave to shield ourselves from every billboard. Now maybe you donât think advertisements are a big deal, but I believe they are one of the worst things to happen to our culture: they are the largest contributing factor toward rampant consumerism in the developed world, and theyâre the biggest reason our political climate is where it is today. Advertisements are much like the islands of plastic haunting our oceansâ"a giant problem people rarely think about. That doesnt mean ads (or plastic) shouldnt exist; I simply dont feel good about producing either unless they contribute to the greater good. Values over Money That said, Im not allergic to money. And this commentary isnât meant to be a judgment on other people. Many of my close friends incorporate advertisements into their creations, and I donât necessarily begrudge them for that. It likely wouldnât do much good anyway because, as Upton Sinclair once wrote, It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends on his not understanding it. The way I understand it, though, is simple: my values trump my ability to make money. And advertisements dont align with my personal values. Do I want to earn a living? Yes, of course I do. But I want to live a life thats congruent with my values, and thus I dont want money to be the primary driver of my creations. Just because I can advertise, that doesnt mean I should. True, money will always be an important part of the equation (everybody has to pay the bills, right?), but if we put creativity and our values first, then we can determine the role of money further down the line. Conclusion Suffice it to say, this disquisition wouldnt see the light of day in any of todays ad-driven organs. Nor would it find its way into a scholarly journal, because this isnt a peer-reviewed article; its just one guys loosely connected thoughts about advertising. Its my hope that these musings start a conversation about the oft-ignored pernicious aspects of advertisements. And maybeâ"just maybeâ"our society can find a way to make advertisements that dont suck. Lets not hold our breath, though. If we want to produce meaningful creations, we must rely on ourselves. Or, as the historian Yuval Noah Harari once wrote, You cannot unite humanity by selling advertisements. This is true even if those ads are for dick pills. Subscribe to The Minimalists via email.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Journey to the West is a Chinese novel published in the 16th century that tells a story of Xuanzang or TripitakaÃ¢â¬â¢s journey to retrieve original Buddhist sutras for China. The influence of Journey to the West has become insurmountable in Asian cultures and has managed to help both Taoism and Buddhism to surge in popularity and stay relevant today. Being one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature, Journey to the West has been successfully adapted into various forms of media and is often a required read in both China and TaiwanÃ¢â¬â¢s education system. What makes Journey to the West stand out and emerge as the most popular literature out of the four is due to the main character, Sun Wukong or the Monkey KingÃ¢â¬â¢s immense culturalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At one point, Sun Wukong even single-handedly defeats the Army of HeavenÃ¢â¬â¢s 10,000 celestial warriors, proving that he is a warrior of the same caliber as HeavenÃ¢â¬â¢s general, Erlang Shen. U nfortunately, Sun WukongÃ¢â¬â¢s misconducts had to be punished, and the Buddha imprisons Sun Wukong under his palm for more than 500 years. He is eventually set free by the Bodhisattva, Guanyin to help Xuan Zang travel to the west safely and retrieve the Buddhist sutras. Sun WukongÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity lies in his eccentric personality, his super powers, and his embodiment of various religious influences. For example, Asian countries such as China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and others have almost an unbreakable bond in the teachings of Confucius. The governmental system, their education system, as well as these countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ societal culture all emphasize on the teachings of filial piety. Conversely, Sun WukongÃ¢â¬â¢s early life is the perfect opposition of ConfuciusÃ¢â¬â¢ teachings when he wreaks havoc in the Heavenly Kingdom. Notably, his entire characterÃ¢â¬â¢s early life is the embodiment of anarchism which supports the idea of Taoism as Sun Wukong personifies the opposition force that is responsible for correcting the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s negativity. His wrong-doings in the Heavenly Kingdom has obvious damage and repercussions. However, it is due to his wrong-doings, the Jade Emperor realizes his armyÃ¢â¬â¢s weakness and has taken actions to re pair those flaws. Additionally, Sun WukongÃ¢â¬â¢s signature golden staffShow MoreRelatedStatement of Purpose23848 Words Ã |Ã 96 PagesOhio Wesleyan Writing Center Founded University Promoting1955 as a hallmark of liberal arts education writing Writing Guidelines Statements of Purpose From the OWU Writing Center in the Sagan Academic Resource Center The OWU Writing Center Corns 316 Ã¢â" ª (740-368-3925) Ã¢â" ª http://writing.owu.edu Ã¢â" ª open Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Ohio Wesleyan University Writing Center Ã © 2011 Writing Guidelines for Statements of Purpose Contents Writing Your Statement of Purpose ..........Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesMcKeown 9 Ã¢â¬ ¢ 2 Twentieth-Century Urbanization: In Search of an Urban Paradigm for an Urban World Ã¢â¬ ¢ Howard Spodek 53 3 Women in the Twentieth-Century World Bonnie G. Smith 83 4 The Gendering of Human Rights in the International Systems of Law in the Twentieth Century Ã¢â¬ ¢ Jean H. Quataert 116 5 The Impact of the Two World Wars in a Century of Violence Ã¢â¬ ¢ John H. Morrow Jr. 161 6 Locating the United States in Twentieth-Century World History Ã¢â¬ ¢ Carl J. Guarneri 213 Read MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words Ã |Ã 99 Pages a. Business morality b. Charities as businesses 12. Democracy a. Good vs. Bad 13. Social Issues (only stats provided) a. Gender b. Family c. Equality 14. Governance a. World Governance 15. Others a. Cooperation b. Education c. Crime d. Liberty or Security e. Consumerism 1. Media 1a. New vs. Traditional GENERAL Intro: Ã¢â¬ ¢ The first quarter of 2043 will be when the last newspapers land on front process all over America. This is the prediction the author ofRead MoreCase Study148348 Words Ã |Ã 594 Pages978-0-273-73557-1 (printed) ISBN: 978-0-273-73552-6 (web) Ã¯ £ © Pearson Education Limited 2011 Lecturers adopting the main text are permitted to download and photocopy the manual as required. Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated Companies around the world. Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk ---------------------------------This edition published 2011 Ã © Pearson Education Limited 2011 The rights of Gerry Johnson, Richard Whittington andRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pagesmajor crime? Ericsson Ã¢â¬â innovation from the periphery: the development of mobile telephone systems. Direct Care Ã¢â¬â strategy development in the multistakeholder context of public sector services. BBC Ã¢â¬â structural changes to deliver a better service. Sony (B) Ã¢â¬â more structural changes at the high-tech multinational. 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All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or trans mission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, IncRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words Ã |Ã 846 PagesManagement Accounting Edited by ALNOOR BHIMANI 1 Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6dp Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the UniversityÃ¢â¬â¢s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford New York Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto With oYces in Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France GreeceRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words Ã |Ã 960 PagesCONTENTS: CASE STUDIES CASE STUDY 1 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (A): The Role of the Operating Manager in Information Systems CASE STUDY I-1 IMT Custom Machine Company, Inc.: Selection of an Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-2 VoIP2.biz, Inc.: Deciding on the Next Steps for a VoIP Supplier CASE STUDY I-3 The VoIP Adoption at Butler University CASE STUDY I-4 Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Health Fund of New York City CASE STUDY I-5 Read MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 PagesCosts 6.4 Activity duration estimates (.3) 6.4.2 Estimating tools (.1.3.4) 6.3.1 Identifying resources 7.1 Activity cost estimates (.220.127.116.11) 18.104.22.168 Delphi method Chapter 6 10.5.3 Cost/schedule system (.1) 6.6 .2.1 Time performance 22.214.171.124 Cost baseline development 126.96.36.199 Earned value system (F.4) 188.8.131.52 E.V., performance status report 184.108.40.206 E.V., forecasts 220.127.116.11 EV., to complete index (EAC) 18.104.22.168 Schedule and cost variance Developing a Project Plan 4.2.2 Planning tools 6.2 Sequence
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Absence of Women in Beowulf, The Wifes Lament, and the Battle of Maldon It could be argued that women are indeed present in the minority in surviving Anglo-Saxon poetry, and that therefore, they are made conspicuous through their absence. The fact they may appear less frequently in Old English Literature does not necessarily mean that women were any less significant in society at this time, although this is the conclusion reached by some. It is assumed that women did, in general, have less important and prominent social roles than men at the time, and the power that they did possess tended to be dictated to them by males. This essay will discuss and examine the social roles and position of the women who did appear in Old EnglishÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is true of Beowulf, as although the story of Hildeburh is told, it is not from her point of view. At the centre is the moving depiction of Hildeburh lamenting her loss as the funeral pyre consumes her brother and her son. Another funeral pyre, that for Beowulf himself, affords the poet an opportunity to touch upon in more universal terms but nevertheless powerfully, the theme of the war-related sufferings of women; an anonymous woman who: sang a sorrowful song about Beowulf, said again and again that she sorely feared for herself invasions of armies, many slaughters, terror of troops, humiliation, and captivity. The theme of the ritual mourner was a predominant one in Anglo-Saxon times. This could be seen as a show of power, the woman taking the lead in a situation that would allow her to do so, an environment in which emotion takes priority over strength and courage. The men present at the funeral do try to govern the funeral setting and take control of the situation through their creation of an immense funeral fire. However, it is much easier for the woman to take over when the situation becomes unfavourable to masculine characteristics. Where women are present in Old English poetry, they are often looked upon as passive, or shadows in an
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The american civil war was a war fought in the United States between northern Union and southern Confederate states from 1861 to 1865, in which the Confederacy sought to establish itself as a separate nation. This war involved both economic factors with ideological factors. The most notable of each being that the southern economy heavily relied on slavery and that people in the north had been increasingly opposing slavery due to its philosophical implications. During the period of this ar european superpowers such as France, russia and Great Britain were involved with america in multiple ways, which influenced the course of the war. American society, though it continued to evolve, was heavily influenced by the european colonies that settled in the area centuries ago. The south still consisted of large plantations owned by the relatives of the slave holders from the caribbean. The plantations were mostly worked by slaves who were born in america due to the earlier abolition of the at lantic slave trade by european powers. These plantations produced cotton which was sold to european nations during the war and this economic system justified the continuation of slavery. The north became industriously urban , the near entirety of production being done by wage workers and becoming region filled with cities. Due to the fact that the north was originally settled by the religiously devout and economically driven traders, slavery was never a notable part of the societal image. TheShow MoreRelatedAmerican War And The American Civil War1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich then caused the Southern states of America to decide to leave the American Union and create their own Southern Confederacy. This tore our nation apart. The American Civil War had begun and the very people that were once neighbors had each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s blood on their hands. Many American lives had been lost. The American lives lost in the Civil War even exceeded the number of American lives lost during World War I and World War II. We were divided. The North wanted to reunite with the southern statesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War was arguably the most important war in the history of the country. The War of Independence may have allowed American to become itsÃ¢â¬â¢ own country, but the Civil War resulted in something even more important than that, the end of slavery in the southern states. All of the issues that caused the Civil war were based around slavery, such as statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights that involved how slavery would be handled in each state, and trying to preserve the Union since the south seceded from the northRead MoreThe American Civil War1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The American Civil War, also known as the StateÃ¢â¬â¢s War, was a conflict that arose mostly from the issue of slavery, but deep down was due to economic differences between the North and the South. The South seceded from the North and created their own self-government due to their belief in the lack of stateÃ¢â¬â¢s rights versus the federal government and what they saw as a weakness in the Articles of Confederation. While the Confederacy of the United States depended on slave labor for their economy in regardsRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages A Civil War is a battle between the same citizens in a country. The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the independence for the Confederacy or the survival of the Union. By the time Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1861, in the mist of 34 states, the constant disagreement caused seven Southern slave states to their independence from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, generally known as the South, grew to include elevenRead MoreThe American Civil War1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGuns fired, smoke lingering in the air, people dying. The American Civil War had a huge impact on the United States. Two compromises took place before the start of the Civil War. These compromises include the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850. The Missouri Compromise dealt with the crisis in 1819 over Missouri entering the Union as a slave state. The compromise was Ã¢â¬Å"the first major crisis over slavery, and it shattered a tacit agreement between the two regions that had been in placeRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere were many events that led to the cause of one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most devastating war, the American Civil War. The American Civil War was an unfortunate war that cost more than the lives of six hundred thousand people. Events such as the Missouri Compromise, Kansas Nebraska Act, Dred Scott Decision, and the Election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in the four yearlong battles between the Northern and Southern states due to social and economic differences on the idea of slavery. In the 19th century,Read MoreThe War Of The American Civil War Essay1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War lasted from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. It was the bloodiest war in American history, killing approximately 620,000 soldiers in total. The War was fought and won by the North, ensuring that all the United States would stay united and slavery would be illegal in The United States. However, history is one of the most complicated things in the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also one of the most important things in the world because history is what made the present possible. Historians have debatedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesslavery even if it meant war caused peace in this nation. Slavery was the vital cause of the American Civil War. The north and the south both had their differences on how to run the country. People in the North believed in unity and that slavery should not exist because Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equally.Ã¢â¬ On the o ther hand, the South believed in continuing slavery. People tried to talk it out and come to a middle ground after both sides compromising, however that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work and caused war. Ideological differencesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War856 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery may have been established as the catalyst of the American Civil War, but the beginning of the dispute began in the time of the Revolution with a weak decentralized government under the Articles of Confederation. Later gained momentum as territorial expansion set Americans against each other on debating whether the new states should be slave states or free states, it questioned the power of the Federal government regarding state rights, and brought about instability in the unity of the UnitedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen the American Civil War began in the spring of 1861, those flocking to enlistment stations in states both north and south chiefly defined the ir cause as one of preservation. From Maine to Minnesota, young men joined up to preserve the Union. From Virginia to Texas, their future foes on the battlefield enlisted to preserve a social order, a social order at its core built on the institution of slavery and racial superiority . Secession had not been framed by prominent Southerners like Robert Toombs
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theEffects Facing Transportation Section in Expo 2020. Answer: Introduction Mega events have a great impact on a countrys transportation section as highlighted in the study by (Antonio et al., 2014). The research shows how the 2020 expo will benefit the economy of Dubai in five key areas with transportation taking the second position. In another research by the Antonio et al. (2014) reports that the transportation sector of Dubai will have to grow if it has to handle the projected transport demand of 35%. The research also points out that the skills in infrastructure will be on high demand as a preparation for the event. Some of the legacies that will be left behind will include the state of the art infrastructure. According to Antonio et al. (2014) How do expos impact transportation he explains that rather than the benefits that come with expos there are also the challenges that host countries will face. In his report he tells that host countries need to have financial plan set in place to be able to handle the mega events. As much as there is going to be a boost on transportation the government needs to address the indirect and the direct impacts of the expos such as sudden price hikes in fares. In another research conducted by the Logistics Middle East (2013) and reported by Ahmad Lala it showed that the expo will have both pain and gain on the logistics sector. The financial numbers in the countrys revenue is expected to increase but the big question is how much will the companies take from the pie? With the projected demand the sector will attract new companies that did not exist in the market hence extra competition. The traffic situation will be chaotic and moving from one point to the other will be a challenge to the logistic companies. The cost of doing business will go up in general; the logic behind it is that with the increase in demand it will mean that the supply will be low which in turn will cause inflation as the cost of man power will go up according to Ahmad Lala (2013). The Middle East economic analyst Bryan Plmondon (2013) on the other hand reports that in the non-oil based economy the transport sector will benefit more from the expo at 32% but the infrast ructure part will rug behind from 2016 to 2017 but it will pick up as more funding will be made available from the increase in oil prices expected later in 2016. According to Expo 2020 (2013) the expo has the power to transform the economies of countries and make them develop in new sectors. An instance is the Shanghai expo that attracted 73 million people in 2010 and a further 2.7 million tourists visited the country. After the expo the country had developed 6 new subways and four thousand new taxi brands. Dubai is one of the leading tourist destination around the world hence has properly laid out architectural designs and infrastructures. The expo is expected to attract at least 25 million people from all over the world that means that the transportation has to be carefully planned out earlier. The country is expected to spend at least $ 9.8 billion in the transportation section to improve the current state (Bhavani Kukunuru, 2016). Most of the visitors will arrive through air and expansions to be done on the airports. The internal transportation in Dubai changed drastically after the announcement of the expo. Dubai launched the Dubai Metro to cater for internal transportation to ease up the jams. Dubai is expected to increase its bus networks as well as the fleets to be able to ensure smooth flow of the population that will be expected. With the Dubai International Airport reported to handle 55 million visitors every year with flights to 220 destinations the airport is expected to be prepared because the flights will increase drastically during the expo. Despite the preparedness the transport industry needs to understand the behavior of markets that after the demand is over how do you cope up with the return to normal. The analysis of how markets behave in sudden demands has been analyzed by Ahmad (2013) in his report to the Gulf States for Globe Express Services. He points out that the logistic companies need not to be greedy of the opportunity they just have to have a master plan in place to avo id getting out of business. Methodology There has been a lot of research and literatures done on the effects of mega vents such as the Expo on the transportation section of the host country. There are many articles which have been written to study such events. According to Ahmad (2013) he mentions in his paper that event studies require an in depth analysis of both the positive and negative effects. An insight into the research can be done to ascertain the facts. Though using surveys I was able to gather data on how the transport sector is expected to behave during the 2020 expo. I was able to get the quantitative and qualitative results that could be easily analyzed. Accessing the transport sector is broad and it requires diversified approaches in data collection. I used several research questions such as what is an expo. How will be the expo change the transport industry? What are the opportunities that come with the expo? What are the negative implications of the expo to the transport industry? How do you plan on exploiting the opportunities? What are the challenges that will make it hard for you to achieve your goals or target during the expo? The survey had 10 participants in the transport industry and others were in other industry but used public transport more often. Six of the participants were from the transport industry as either drivers or operating in the logistic companies. Using online survey software I helped the participants go through the questions and give Reponses in the simplest way possible. The participants were required to give their personal information and agree to the survey. This helped them be at ease and give more genuine answers. The participants were the working class ranging from 25-45 years of age. I chose the age bracket because the expo is more of technology driven and it requires people are more intimate with the current technological trends. I had selected 30 participants at the start of the survey but because others were not ready to disclose their information I narrowed the number to 10 participants whom I felt gave satisfying answers. The results I gathered were what the participants per ceived to be the effects of the Expo on their lives. Conclusion and Recommendations The Dubai 2020 Expo will have a great impact on the economy of Dubai both positive and negative. The notable areas that will be affected greatly include the transportation section considering the nature of the event. Mega events such as this attract people from all over the world meaning that every preparation has to be put in place to accommodate the overwhelming number of visitors. From my survey the participants saw the Expo as an opportunity to invest in the key areas of transport which will be the main issue to address. What the participants did not understand is how the transportation will be impacted such as the logistics. From my literature reviews analyst predict that investors are going to turn the table around if they are careful in balancing the opportunities with the resulting negative impacts such as the cost of transportation hiking up which can be avoided by improving the already existing infrastructure rather than increasing their vehicle fleets. Of all the participa nts in the survey only two of them noted the negative effects of the expo on transportation. The government of Dubai needs to address the aftermath that the expos is going to cost the transport sector through seating with the stake holders in the transport sector. Bibliographies Bhavani, G. Kukunuru, S. (2016). Impact of EXPO 2020 on Dubai Financial Market An Event Study on Banks, Investment and Insurance Sectors. International Journal Of Financial Research, 7(2). The authors Bhavani and Kukunuru give reports of how the expo 2020 will change the economy of Dubai greatly given the fact it has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. They give a critical analysis on the sector of Transportation and how there are going to be both positive and negative effects. Even with the projected increase in revenues there has to be a balance that has to be looked at to avoid companies from going out of business after the economy stabilizes. Antonio, J., Moroy Anton, Jan Jose, Gema Saez. (2014). Mega- events impact one economic growth. African Journal of Business Management, 5(16), 6940-6948. In their second edition the three authors analyze how Mega events change the economics of host countries drastically. Citing examples from previous mega events such as the World cup that took place in South Africa, the impact it had on the country was so great. They show that the expo 2020 will sky rocket Dubai in the smart city initiative. Transportation being the key areas that improves drastically in such events. Dubai will be the first country to host the expo in the Middle East meaning much has to be done if it will take the opportunity. Ahmad, L. (2013). Logistics Middle East. The Impact Of Dubai 2020 Expo On Logistics, 2(1). In the article Ahmad addresses the issue of transportation in detail. Most benefits will come to the transportation sector but what the key investors are forgetting is how the industry will be affected after the expo. He gives insights on how the investors can take cautions early enough to avoid being driven by greed of financial returns. This relates to my report on the effects that the expo will have on Dubais transport section.